The value of semen analysis and sperm function assays in predicting pregnancy among infertile couples**Supported by grant 84-45 from The Physician Services Incorporated Foundation, Toronto, Canada.
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Over a 2-year period, 227 couples were evaluated by an extended assessment of the male partner's ejaculate. This extended assessment comprised sperm penetration of denuded hamster oocytes, ability of sperm to penetrate synthetic mucus, and the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content of whole semen. In proportional hazards analysis adjusting for the contribution of clinical and other seminal variables, the sperm penetration assay (SPA) test was a predictor of pregnancy in the subgroup with normal conventional seminal variables (greater than 40 million motile sperm per ejaculate). When the SPA result was 20% or more the probability of pregnancy was 3.7 times higher; the performance of the SPA as a diagnostic test was better in the couples with treated tubal disease than in other diagnostic categories.
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