Acute Perforative Appendicitis During Preoperative Chemotherapy for Wilms Tumor
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Infectious complications are not uncommon in children undergoing treatment for cancer. Abdominal pain, especially right lower quadrant pain secondary to appendiceal and cecal inflammation, is a major concern in immunocompromised hosts and a potential source of sepsis. The authors report the case of a child who developed acute perforative appendicitis requiring appendectomy while on preoperative chemotherapy for Wilms tumor, stage IV, favorable histology. Problems related to diagnosis and management of acute abdominal pain and infection in an immunocompromised child with an abdominal mass are discussed along with a review of the literature.
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