Activated Protein C Up-Regulates IL-10 and Inhibits Tissue Factor in Blood Monocytes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The protective effect of recombinant activated protein C therapy in patients with severe sepsis likely reflects the ability of recombinant activated protein C to modulate multiple pathways implicated in sepsis pathophysiology. In this study, we examined the effects of recombinant activated protein C on the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and on the procoagulant molecule tissue factor (TF) in LPS-challenged blood monocytes. Treatment of LPS-stimulated monocytes with recombinant activated protein C resulted in an up-regulation of IL-10 protein production and mRNA synthesis. The up-regulation of IL-10 required the serine protease activity of recombinant activated protein C and was dependent on protease-activated receptor-1, but was independent of the endothelial protein C receptor. At the intracellular level, p38 MAPK activation was required for recombinant activated protein C-mediated up-regulation of IL-10. We further observed that incubation of LPS-stimulated monocytes with recombinant activated protein C down-regulated TF Ag and activity levels. This anticoagulant effect of recombinant activated protein C was dependent on IL-10 since neutralization of endogenously produced IL-10 abrogated the effect. In patients with severe sepsis, plasma IL-10 levels were markedly higher in those treated with recombinant activated protein C than in those who did not receive recombinant activated protein C. This study reveals novel regulatory functions of recombinant activated protein C, specifically the up-regulation of IL-10 and the inhibition of TF activity in monocytes. Our data further suggest that these activities of recombinant activated protein C are directly linked: the recombinant activated protein C-mediated up-regulation of IL-10 reduces TF in circulating monocytes.

publication date

  • August 1, 2008

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