Increased burden of comorbidities and risk of cardiovascular death in atrial fibrillation patients in Europe over ten years: A comparison between EORP-AF pilot and EHS-AF registries
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BACKGROUND: In 2002, the European Society of Cardiology conducted the Euro Heart Survey (EHS), while in 2014concluded 1-year follow-up of the EURObservational Research Programme AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Registry. METHODS: We analysed differences in clinical profiles, therapeutic approaches and outcomes between these two cohorts after propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: After PSM, 5206 patients were analysed. In EORP-AF there were more elderly patients than EHS (p < .001). EORP-AF patients were more burdened with cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV comorbidities, with a higher proportion of patients with high thromboembolic risk. EORP-AF patients used more oral-anticoagulant (OAC) (p < .001). At 1-year follow-up EORP-AF patients had lower risk for thromboembolic and CV events, readmission for AF and other CV reasons (all p < .001), showing conversely a higher risk for CV death (p = .015). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that EORP-AF patients had higher risk for CV death (p < .0001) and all-cause death (p = .0019). Cox regression confirmed that EORP-AF patients were at higher risk for CV death (p = .021). CONCLUSIONS: We found significant changes in AF epidemiology over a decade in Europe, with older patients, more burdened with comorbidities. A greater use of OAC was found. Despite a reduction in risk for thromboembolic events, a high risk of CV-related death was still evident.
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