Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve: A patient level multi-center analysis
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OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BiAV). BACKGROUND: BiAV remains a relative contraindication to TAVI resulting in exclusion from TAVI trials and thus limiting data on the clinical performance of transcatheter valves in these patients. METHODOLOGY: We conducted an international patient level multicenter analysis on outcomes in patients with BiAV undergoing TAVI. The primary outcome of the study was the combined early safety endpoint--a composite of 30 day mortality, stroke, life-threatening bleeding, acute kidney injury, coronary artery obstruction, major vascular complication and valve related dysfunction. Secondary endpoints included the individual components of the primary endpoint as well as post-TAVI paravalvular leak (PVL), rehospitalization, new pacemaker insertion and device success rates at 30 days and 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 108 patients with BiAV were identified in 21 centers in Canada, Spain, Italy, Poland and Singapore who underwent TAVI between January 2005 and March 2014. The composite primary outcome occurred in one quarter of patients (26.9%)--mainly driven by re-intervention for valve malposition (9.3%). The 30-day and 1 year mortality rates were 8.3% and 16.9% respectively with AR ≥ 3+ occurring in 9.6% of patients. Device success was achieved in 85.2% of cases with pacemaker insertion in 19.4%. While PVL was not associated with an increased risk of 30 day or 1 year mortality--Type I BiAV anatomy with left and right cusp fusion had significantly better outcomes than other valve variants. CONCLUSION: In selected patients with BiAV and severe aortic stenosis, TAVI appears both safe and feasible with acceptable clinical outcomes. Clinical studies of TAVI in this patient population are warranted.
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