Down-regulation of haloperidol-induced striatal dopamine receptor supersensitivity by active analogues of L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide (PLG)
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Tardive dyskinesia, a clinical syndrome, is one of the major side effects of protracted treatment with neuroleptics in schizophrenic patients. Functional supersensitivity of striatal dopamine receptors is believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and tardive dyskinesia. In a rodent model of neuroleptic-induced dopamine receptor supersensitivity, we investigated the efficacy of structurally modified analogues of PLG to down-regulate the striatal dopamine receptor supersensitivity as determined by alterations in [3H]spiroperidol binding to striatal membranes in vitro. The PLG analogue, L-prolyl-L-leucyl-(+)-thiazolidine-2-carboxamide-HCl, when given at the dose of 10 mg/kg IP for 5 days prior to haloperidol (3 mg/kg IP 21 days) significantly prevented the up-regulation of striatal dopamine receptor supersensitivity, thus demonstrating a prophylactic effect. Two other analogues, L-prolyl-L-leucyl-5-aminomethyltetrazole and L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycine-dimethylamide at a dose of 10 mg/kg IP when given concurrently with haloperidol for 21 days, suppressed the development of dopamine receptor supersensitivity. None of the analogues tested in the post-haloperidol session reversed the haloperidol-induced increase in the density of striatal dopamine receptors. Active PLG analogues hold promise as potential therapeutic agents for the amelioration of tardive dyskinesia.
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