Autoantibodies and immune complexes to oxidation-specific epitopes and progression of aortic stenosis: Results from the ASTRONOMER trial
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BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and oxidized phospholipids on apolipoprotein B-100 (OxPL-apoB) predict the progression of pre-existing mild-to-moderate calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS). Whether indirect markers of oxidation-specific epitopes (OSE) are also predictive is not known. The association between IgG and IgM autoantibodies and malondialdehyde-modified low density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and IgG and IgM apolipoprotein B immune complexes (apoB-IC), and the hemodynamic progression rate of CAVS was determined in the ASTRONOMER (Aortic Stenosis Progression Observation: Measuring Effects of Rosuvastatin, NCT00800800) trial. METHODS: Plasma levels of IgG and IgM MDA-LDL and apoB-IC were measured in 220 patients with mild-to-moderate CAVS from the ASTRONOMER trial. The endpoint of this study was the progression rate of CAVS, measured by the annualized increase in peak aortic jet velocity (Vpeak) over a median follow-up of 3.5 [2.9-4.5] years. RESULTS: There was no difference in the progression rate of CAVS across tertiles of IgG and IgM MDA-LDL and apoB-IC levels (all p > 0.05). After multivariable analysis, no marker reached significance level to predict faster CAVS progression or need for aortic valve replacement (all p > 0.05). There was no interaction between the OSE antibody titers and plasma levels of Lp(a) or OxPL-apoB, as well as age, with regards to the progression rate of CAVS. CONCLUSIONS: Autoantibody titers to MDA-LDL and apoB-IC, which are an indirect measurement of OSE, unlike direct measurements of OxPL-apoB or their major lipoprotein carrier Lp(a), do not predict the progression of CAVS or need for AVR.
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