Solution-Focused Coaching in Pediatric Rehabilitation: Investigating Transformative Experiences and Outcomes for Families
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AIMS: A qualitative study was conducted to investigate family experiences and outcomes of Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation (SFC-peds). METHODS: Two interviews (5 months apart) were conducted with nine sets of family members who had received SFC-peds, within the past 6 months, from therapists with 3-10 years of experience using the approach. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis and a phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Participants experienced a goal-oriented collaborative process, high engagement, enhanced capacity and community participation, and empowered mindsets. The therapy process was seen as a collaborative solution-focused conversation, situated in the client's world, and involving individualized and co-created goals and plans. SFC-peds provided families with a supportive, structured, and paced goal-setting process. Reported enhancements to capacity included child/youth skill development, enhanced parent skills, enhanced parent knowledge of their child and options, and changes in parenting. Increased community participation was also reported. Empowered mindsets involved increased confidence, increased self-efficacy and self-determination, and broadened perspectives and expectations. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides evidence for the utility of SFC-peds and the importance of engaging families in a goal-oriented collaborative process. Implications concern greater understanding of transactional dynamics in therapy and real-world client change, and the need to develop measures of client/family resiliency.
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