Decreased Repair of Gamma-irradiated Adenovirus inXeroderma PigmentosumFibroblasts
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The ability of gamma-irradiated adenovirus to produce viral structural antigens (Vag) was examined in several normal and Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) fibroblast strains. The fibroblast cultures were infected with either irradiated or nonirradiated adenovirus and at 48 hours after infection, cells were examined for the presence of Vag using immunofluorescent staining. Survival of Vag synthesis for gamma-irradiated adenovirus had a D37 value of 47 +/- 4 x 10(4) rad following the infection of seven normal fibroblast strains. The survival of this viral function was found to be significantly less following infection of the XP strains. D37 values for Vag synthesis expressed as a percentage of that obtained on normal strains were obtained for a representative strain from each of the XP complementation groups: group A, 57 per cent; group B, 61 per cent; group C, 61 per cent, group D, 59 per cent; group E, 73 per cent; and variant, 75 per cent. These results indicate that XP cells have a reduced repair capacity for some type of gamma-ray-induced DNA damage.
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