Rheological and structural properties of starches from γ-irradiated and stored potatoes
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Starch was extracted from irradiated and stored potato tubers and the properties were compared to CIPC (chlorpropham) treated tubers. The granule properties and dynamic viscoelasticity in temperature ramp and frequency sweep modes were studied while heating the samples. Starch structural characteristics were investigated by high performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Gamma-irradiation of potato tubers at a dosage of 0.1kGy induced some degradation of starch molecules, resulting in earlier swelling of starch granules, and greater extents of amylose and total carbohydrate leaching. The early swelling phenomenon was also enhanced with tuber storage time. The retrogradation rate and extent for a concentrated starch gel also increased with tuber storage time whereas γ-irradiation delayed the gel retrogradation. Sprout inhibiting methods could be selected based on the specific processing and texture requirements of the end products.
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