Tissue plasminogen activator-containing polyurethane surfaces for fibrinolytic activity
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With the aim of minimizing thrombus formation in blood-contacting devices, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-containing polyurethane (PU) materials have been developed. Cationic PU surfaces were prepared by grafting poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) and quaternizing the tertiary amino groups with iodomethane or 1,6-diiodohexane or α,α'-dichloro-p-xylene. The surfaces were characterized by water contact angles and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The materials (PU-CH(3)I, PU-I(CH(2))(6)I, PU-Cl) were treated with t-PA in Tris-buffered saline (pH 9.0) to give t-PA-loaded PU surfaces. The t-PA content of the surfaces was determined using radiolabeled t-PA. The quantities of t-PA taken up by the cationic surfaces were significantly greater than on the unmodified PU: approximately 14-fold greater for PU-Cl, 10-fold for PU-CH(3)I and 13-fold for PU-I(CH(2))(6)I. The activity of the bound t-PA, as measured by a plasma clotting-dissolution assay and a chromogenic substrate assay, was similar to that of normal, unbound t-PA. Release of t-PA from these materials in contact with plasma was measured using the labeled protein and was found to be the most rapid on the PU-CH(3)I material. This approach may have potential for the development of surfaces which can lyse clots that begin to form on them.
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