A phase II trial of dacomitinib, an oral pan-human EGF receptor (HER) inhibitor, as first-line treatment in recurrent and/or metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck
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BACKGROUND: An open-label, multicenter, single-arm phase II trial was conducted to investigate the clinical activity of dacomitinib in recurrent/metastatic squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck (RM-SCCHN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were administered dacomitinib at 45 mg orally daily, in 21-day cycles. Primary end point was objective response rate. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients were enrolled with a median age of 62 years. Among response-evaluable patients, 8 [12.7%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 5.6% to 23.5%] achieved a partial response and 36 (57.1%) had stable disease, lasting ≥24 weeks in 9 patients (14.3%). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.1 weeks and the median overall survival (OS) was 34.6 weeks. Most adverse events (AEs) were tolerable. The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related AEs were diarrhea (15.9%), acneiform dermatitis (8.7%), and fatigue (8.7%). Treatment-related AEs led to at least one dose interruption in 28 (40.6%) patients and dose reductions in 26 (37.7%). Permanent treatment discontinuation occurred in 8 (11.6%) patients due to treatment-related AEs. CONCLUSIONS: Dacomitinib demonstrated clinical activity in RM-SCCHN, and the primary end point of this study was met. The toxicity profile of this agent was generally manageable with dose interruptions and adjustments.
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