RANTES Production by T Cells and CD8‐Mediated Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Gene Expression before Initiation of Potent Antiretroviral Therapy Predict Sustained Suppression of Viral Replication Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • A prospective blinded study was conducted to determine whether immunological differences exist between patients receiving potent antiretroviral therapy who are able to achieve and maintain an undetectable virus load (<50 copies/mL) and those who are not. Eleven patients receiving protease inhibitor-containing antiretroviral therapy were studied for 1 year. After analysis of all baseline samples, patient virus load was disclosed, and patients were classified as suppressors (those who maintained undetectable virus load for 1 year) and nonsuppressors. Baseline virus load and CD4+ T cell count did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. Levels of RANTES production by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and CD8-mediated inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gene expression before initiation of antiretroviral therapy were significantly associated with an undetectable virus load maintained for 1 year (P<.05). Thus, a functionally intact T cell-mediated immune system at the time of initiation of potent antiretroviral therapy may predict long-term virus suppression.

publication date

  • February 2000

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