Clinical evaluation of the efficacy and safety of noberastine, a new H1 antagonist, in seasonal allergic rhinitis: A placebo-controlled, dose-response study
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Noberastine (NOB), a new histamine H1 antagonist, has potent and specific peripheral antihistaminic activity. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of NOB in ragweed seasonal allergic rhinitis, 250 eligible patients were randomized to one of four parallel, double-blind treatment groups: NOB, 10, 20, and 30 mg, or placebo, each administered once daily for 3 weeks. Rescue medication was prohibited. Efficacy parameters included global response rate (percentage of responders), physician visit, patient-diary symptom scores, and onset of action. Efficacy analyses used alpha = 0.0167 (adjusted for multiple comparisons). Efficacy parameters demonstrated universal superiority of NOB therapy over placebo therapy with statistical significance achieved frequently; no statistically or clinically significant separation was demonstrated among NOB-treated groups. Global-response rates for all active-treatment groups (range, 62.7% to 71.1%) were statistically significantly greater than rates for the placebo-treated group (39.6%). Median time to first relief of symptoms was within 2 to 4 hours for NOB-treated groups versus 72 hours for the placebo-treated group. No significant abnormalities in safety parameters were ascribed to NOB treatment. Incidence and severity of adverse experiences of NOB-treated groups were comparable in incidence and severity to placebo treatment. NOB treatment did not appear to cause weight gain or sedation. Once-daily NOB, 10, 20, and 30 mg, is equally and highly effective and safe in the symptomatic management of seasonal allergic rhinitis compared to placebo.
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