[A new anti-ischemic drug for the treatment of stable effort angina pectoris: nicorandil. Comparison with placebo and isosorbide-5-mononitrate].
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The aim of this study was to investigate antianginal and antiischemic activity and tolerance of a new nitrate derivative, nicorandil (N). This research has been carried out in 18 patients, aged 47-70 years, suffering from stable effort angina with fixed ischemic threshold. The study started with 10 days of washout, during which the patients exercised twice on bicycle to verify the reproducibility of the test. Then, they took N or isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISM) for 14 days according to a double blinded cross-over balanced study. Between the 2 periods patients took placebo (PL) for 14 days. In the first day and in the last day of each period, 2 hours after the last drug intake, patients performed a stress test on bicycle. Like ISM, N significantly increased, versus PL, 1 mm of ST depression time (ischemic threshold) in the first and in the last day, without differences between the 2 drugs and between the days. Moreover, ST depression was significantly lower at maximal common work (MCW) versus PL. The rate-pressure product was not different from PL after N and ISM at maximal common work, but is was increased at the ischemic threshold. In conclusion, like ISM, N has shown antiischemic activity in patients suffering from stable angina pectoris on effort with fixed ischemic threshold. After 14 days of treatment there was no evidence of tolerance. The activity of N seems essentially due to an increase of coronary blood flow to ischemic zones.
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