Assessment of 2 Cervical Screening Methods in Mongolia
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the test parameters of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cervical cytology in 3 Mongolian aimags. METHODS: From February 18, 2002, to December 12, 2004, sexually active women, 30 years or older who had never been screened, underwent cervical cytology and VIA in the aimags' central hospital. Women with abnormal test results and 5% of women with normal results were recommended to have colposcopy with or without biopsy. RESULTS: Two thousand nine women underwent both tests. Visual inspection with acetic acid was abnormal in 254 (12.6%); Pap smear showed atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or worse in 3%. Using cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or higher disease on biopsy as the end point, the test parameters for VIA are sensitivity of 82.9% (95% CI = 81.3%-84.5%), specificity of 88.6% (95% CI = 87.2%-90.0%), positive predictive value of 12.2% (95% CI = 10.8%-13.6%), and negative predicative value of 99.7% (95% CI = 99.5%-99.9%). The test parameters for Pap smear are sensitivity of 88.6% (95% CI = 87.2%-90.0%), specificity of 98.5% (95% CI = 98.0%-99.0%), positive predictive value of 51.7% (95% CI = 49.5%-53.9%), and negative predicative value of 99.8% (95% CI = 99.6%-100%). CONCLUSION: Visual inspection with acetic acid has an acceptable test parameter for population-based cervical screening in Mongolia.
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