Lipid storage myopathy, ichthyosis, and steatorrhea
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A 41-year-old man had ichtyrosis, ectropion, steatorrhea, and slowly progressive proximal limb weakness. Biopsies showed abnormal lipid accumulation in muscle, liver skin, leukocytes, and gastric mucosa. Lipid storage was particularly marked in cultures of skin and muscle, and it increased in subsequent cell generations. By electron microscopy, the lipid globules showed no limiting membranes. The stored lipid was identified by thin-layer chromatography as triglyceride; there was no excess of cholesterol or cholesteryl esters. Muscle carnitine concentration and activities of carnitine palmityltransferase and acid lipase were normal; 14CO2 production from labeled palmitate in leukocytes was not impaired. The excessive accumulation of triglyceride in different tissues and in the progeny of cells in tissue culture suggests a genetic error of lipid metabolism.