The Canadian Home Total Parenteral Nutrition (HTPN) Registry: vitamin K supplementation and bone mineral density.
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BACKGROUND: Vitamin K supplementation improves bone health, and its absence might be associated with low bone mineral density (BMD). The authors aim to assess vitamin K supplementation practices in Canadian home parenteral nutrition (HPN) programs and their relationship with BMD. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 189 patients from the Canadian HPN registry. RESULTS: All 189 patients studied received M.V.I.-12, which does not contain vitamin K. Of those, 41.3% were supplemented with 10 mg of intravenous vitamin K (VK+) weekly, whereas the others did not receive vitamin K except via lipid emulsion (VK-). Short bowel syndrome accounted for 69% of VK+ and 46% of VK- patients. On univariate analysis, VK+ patients had substantially lower body mass index (BMI) and received lower bisphosphonate infusion than did VK-patients. There were no statistically significant differences in HPN calcium or lipid content, liver function test results, age, sex, or reason for HPN between the 2 groups. Patients who were VK+ had higher lumbar spine T scores and hip T scores than did VK-patients. General linear modeling analysis, adjusted for BMI, age, PN magnesium, PN phosphate, PN calcium, and bisphosphonate as possible predictors of BMD, showed a trend toward better hip T scores (P = .063) for VK+ patients compared with VK- patients. CONCLUSION: In HPN patients supplemented with vitamin K, the trend toward a better hip BMD compared with no supplementation suggests a role for vitamin K in preserving BMD. This requires further study.
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