Variability of electrocardiographic and enzyme evolution of myocardial infarction in man.
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We have studied the time course of development of ST segment elevation, R wave loss, and Q wave development in 41 patients using 35 lead praecordial mapping or 12 lead electrocardiograms in those with anterior and inferior infarcts, respectively. The first recording was at a mean time of six hours after the onset of pain; subsequent records were taken every eight hours for 24 hours, every 12 hours for the second day, and every day thereafter. Serial CK MB estimates were obtained at every four hours for the first 72 hours. There was good agreement in the time course between the electrocardiogram and enzyme evolution. Forty-one per cent of patients showed rapid infarction with R wave and Q wave evolution complete within 12 hours of pain and accompanied by a short duration of enzyme release (mean = 19.30 hours). Fifty-nine per cent of patients showed more prolonged infarction with longer R wave and Q wave evolution and enzyme release (mean = 30 hours). Four patients also showed delayed reinfarction. ST segment elevation was maximal at six hours in the whole group and was significantly lower thereafter. Patients with rapid infarction showed high initial ST segment elevation which decreased promptly compared with those with prolonged infarction, who showed moderate but more persistent ST segment elevation. This study shows the variability in the time course of the electrocardiogram and enzyme evolution after myocardial infarction in man.
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