Antral compensation after proximal gastric vagotomy
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Proximal gastric vagotomy (PGV) has little impact on the normal pattern of solid gastric emptying, despite denervation of the proximal two thirds of the stomach and loss of the proximal gastric pump. In four healthy volunteers and four patients with PGV, we investigated the possible compensatory mechanisms that may come into play after proximal denervation of the stomach. We measured antropyloroduodenal motility with a 10-lumen sleeve/side-hole catheter for 180 minutes after ingestion of a dual-isotope radiolabeled mixed liquid/solid meal. Patients with PGV exhibited faster liquid emptying, but the rate of solid emptying was similar to that in healthy volunteers. The frequency of propagated antropyloric pressure wave was similar between the two groups, but patients with PGV exhibited less isolated pressure waves in the proximal antrum. The amplitude and duration of pressure waves recorded in the distal antrum were significantly increased in the PGV patients as compared to healthy volunteers. Although the pattern of propagated antral contractions and solid gastric emptying remains unchanged after PGV, there is an increase in the amplitude and duration of distal antral contractions, which may compensate for loss of proximal gastric pumping mechanisms.
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