Effects of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication on esophageal motility
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BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term impact of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication on esophageal motility in patients with preoperative esophageal dysmotility. METHODS: This study prospectively followed 580 patients who underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication between 1992 and 1999. Esophageal manometry, 24-h pH monitoring, and symptom score assessment were performed before surgery, then 6 months, 2 years, and 5 years after surgery. Preoperatively, 533 of the patients (93.5%) had normal esophageal contractile pressure (group 1), whereas 38 of the patients (6.5%) had reduced contractile pressure (<30 mmHg) (group 2). RESULTS: Esophageal contractile pressures increased significantly in the patients with low preoperative values, whereas it remained unchanged in the patients with normal preoperative contractile pressures. Both groups reported a significant reduction in the dysphagia symptom score after surgery. CONCLUSION: Nissen fundoplication produces a significant long-lasting increase in esophageal contractile pressures in patients with preoperative esophageal dysmotility (i.e., contractile pressure lower than 30 mmHg). Preoperative esophageal dysmotility is therefore not a contraindication to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.