Comparison of upper and lower airway responses of two sensitized rat strains to inhaled antigen Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships between upper airways responses and pulmonary responses of two strains of highly inbred rats to inhaled antigen. To do this we measured the upper and lower airways resistance for 60 min after challenge of Brown-Norway rats (BN; n = 13) and an inbred rat strain (MF; n = 11), derived from Sprague-Dawley, with aerosolized ovalbumin (OA). Rats were actively sensitized with OA (1 mg sc) using Bordetella pertussis as an adjuvant. Two weeks later the animals were anesthetized and challenged. Tracheal pressure, esophageal pressure, and airflow were measured, from which total pulmonary resistance was partitioned into upper airway and lower pulmonary resistance (RL). The peak upper airway response to inhaled OA was similar in BN (1.89 +/- 0.66 cmH2O.ml-1.s; n = 7) and MF (2.85 +/- 0.68 cmH2O.ml-1.s; n = 6). The lower airway response to OA challenge was substantially greater in BN, and RL changed from 0.07 +/- 0.01 to 0.34 +/- 0.13 (n = 6; P < 0.05). The MF did not have any significant increase in RL after challenge; the baseline RL was 0.12 +/- 0.02 and only reached a peak value of 0.15 +/- 0.05 (n = 5; P = NS). Lower airway responsiveness of BN (n = 10) to serotonin, an important mediator early allergic airway responses, was similar to MF (n = 7).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • October 1, 1992