Clinical and pathological findings in dogs following supralethal total body irradiation with and without infusion of autologous long-term marrow culture cells.
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We developed a canine model for autologous bone marrow transplantation (AuBMT) with long-term marrow culture (LTMC) cells. Marrow was harvested from nine normal dogs. Harvests from dogs 2-7 were placed into 21 day LTMC. Cells in LTMC from dogs 4-7 were labelled with the neomycin phosphotransferase gene neo. Dogs were given 60Co total body irradiation (TBI) and then infused with LTMC cells: dog 1 received 500 cGy TBI and 2.08 x 10(8)/kg uncultured marrow cells. Dogs 2-7 received 600-800 cGy TBI and 0.07-0.45 x 10(8)/kg LTMC cells. Dogs 8 and 9 received 600 and 800 cGy TBI, respectively, but no infusion of marrow or LTMC cells. For all dogs, profound myelosuppression developed during week 1 and pyrexia developed during week 2. Enrofloxacin was given from one day before TBI until a peripheral neutrophil count > 1.0 x 10(9)/L was achieved, which eliminated Escherichia coli from feces. Dogs 1, 2 and 5-9 also received gentamicin and/or combination beta-lactam antibiotics. Numerous platelet transfusions were needed to control hemorrhages in all dogs except dog 1. Dog 1 achieved neutrophils > 1.0 x 10(9)/L on day 15, while dogs 2 and 5-9 achieved this count on days 33-48. Dogs 3 and 4 died on days 17 and 18, respectively, of beta-hemolytic streptococcal sepsis and hemorrhage, with no evidence of hematopoiesis at necropsy. The marker gene, neo, was documented in lymphoid and myeloid cells of dogs 5-7 up to 21 months post-AuBMT. Our studies indicate that dogs can recover following supralethal TBI and can survive the delayed engraftment associated with AuBMT using LTMC cells, if they receive intensive platelet and antimicrobial therapy. Used prophylactically for such therapy, enrofloxacin achieved selective intestinal decontamination, but did not prevent sepsis when used as the sole antimicrobial agent during myelosuppression. Furthermore, our studies indicate that infused LTMC cells, at the above doses, can contribute to hematopoietic recovery, but are not essential for recovery following TBI, and do not shorten the period of prolonged profound myelosuppression induced by TBI.