Expression of Dual TCR on DO11.10 T Cells Allows for Ovalbumin-Induced Oral Tolerance to Prevent T Cell-Mediated Colitis Directed against Unrelated Enteric Bacterial Antigens Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The triggering Ag for inflammatory bowel disease and animal models of colitis is not known, but may include gut flora. Feeding OVA to DO11.10 mice with OVA-specific transgenic (Tg) TCR generates Ag-specific immunoregulatory CD4(+) T cells (Treg) cells. We examined the ability of oral Ag-induced Treg cells to suppress T cell-mediated colitis in mice. SCID-bg mice given DO11.10 CD4(+)CD45RB(high) T cells developed colitis, and cotransferring DO11.10 CD45RB(low)CD4(+) T cells prevented CD4(+)CD45RB(high) T cell-induced colitis in the absence of OVA. The induction and prevention of disease by DO11.10 CD4(+) T cell subsets were associated with an increase in endogenous TCRalpha chain expression on Tg T cells. Feeding OVA to SCID-bg mice reconstituted with DO11.10 CD4(+)CD45RB(high) attenuated the colitis in association with increased TGF-beta and IL-10 secretion, and decreased proliferative responses to both OVA and cecal bacteria Ag. OVA feeding also attenuated colitis in SCID-bg mice reconstituted with a mix of BALB/c and DO11.10 CD45RB(high) T cells, suggesting that OVA-induced Treg cells suppressed BALB/c effector cells. The expression of endogenous non-Tg TCR allowed for DO11.10-derived T cells to respond to enteric flora Ag. Furthermore, feeding OVA-induced Treg cells prevented colitis by inducing tolerance in both OVA-reactive and non-OVA-reactive T cells and by inducing Ag-nonspecific Treg cells. Such a mechanism might allow for Ag-nonspecific modulation of intestinal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease.

authors

  • Zhou, Pengfei
  • Borojevic, Rajka
  • Streutker, Cathy
  • Snider, Denis
  • Liang, Hong
  • Croitoru, Kenneth

publication date

  • February 1, 2004

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