Hamartoma of the Breast, an Underrecognized Breast Lesion:A Clinicopathologic and Radiographic Study of 25 Cases Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This study investigated the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of breast hamartoma. The patients ranged in age from 18 to 89 years, with a mean age of 45 years, and a median age of 43 years. Seventy-five percent of the patients were asymptomatic, other than reporting a breast lump. In two patients, the lesions recurred at 7 and 18 months after the initial resection. The clinical diagnoses were fibroadenoma in 10 cases, carcinoma in 5 cases, hamartoma in 4 cases, and phyllodes tumor and lipoma in 2 other cases. Mammograms were available in 12 cases, the majority of which showed a well-defined mass of homogeneous density. Grossly, these lesions were oval to round, well-circumscribed masses, ranging in size from 1 to 7 cm in maximum dimension (mean, 3.9 cm). The microscopic appearance of these tumors corresponded to their gross appearance. Lesions that were grossly firm, rubbery, and white consisted largely of dense fibroconnective tissue with variable amounts of glandular elements with little adipose tissue. Softer, pale, yellow lesions contained more adipose tissue. A consistent and important diagnostic feature was the presence of both lobules and ducts, in contrast to fibroadenoma in which lobules are often absent or rare. The current trend of mammographic breast screening has made us aware that mammary hamartomas are not uncommon. These lesions may go unrecognized by the pathologists because they show all the constituents of normal breast tissue and may be reported as "no pathological diagnosis" or "normal breast tissue," which are inappropriate diagnoses for a lesion that presents as a palpable and a well-circumscribed mass.

publication date

  • June 1, 1995