Using the Gross Motor Function Measure to Evaluate Motor Development in Children with Down Syndrome
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The purpose of this article is to describe our clinical experiences in using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) to evaluate motor development in children with Down syndrome and to provide strategies we found helpful in enhancing a child's adherence to standardized testing. The issues discussed are: (1) strategies for test administration; (2) modifications in administration and scoring; (3) reliability of the GMFM using the modified administration and scoring procedures; and (4) applications of the GMFM for clinical practice. The strategies and recommendations address the particular characteristics of children with Down syndrome and allow for their progress to be monitored relative to other children with Down syndrome rather than to children without motor delays. Future studies validating the use of specific goal areas for the administration and scoring of the GMFM for children with Down syndrome are recommended.
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