Questionnaire for measuring oral health-related quality of life in eight- to ten-year-old children.
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PURPOSE: This study measured oral health-related quality of life for children, which involved the construction of child perceptions questionnaires (CPQs) for ages 6 to 7, 8 to 10, and 11 to 14. The purpose of this study was to present the development and evaluation of the CPQ for 8- to 10-year-olds (CPQ8-10). METHODS: Questions (N=25) were selected from the CPQ for 11- to 14-year-olds based on the child development literature and input from parents, child psychologist, and teacher of grades 3 and 4. Validity and reliability were evaluated on 68 and 33 children, respectively. RESULTS: There was a positive moderate correlation between the CPQ8-10 score and overall well-being rating (R=.45). The level of impact was slightly higher in the orofacial than in the pediatric dentistry group (mean score=19.1 vs 18.4, respectively). Hypotheses concerning the relationship between the CPQ8-10 score and number of decayed surfaces were confirmed with R=.29, and the mean score higher in caries-afflicted than caries-free children (21.1 vs 14.7). The Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.89 and 0.75, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest good construct validity, internal consistency, reliability and test-retest reliability, but do not demonstrate discriminative validity. This is consistent, however, with theoretical models of oral disease and its consequences. Further research is required, as these are preliminary findings based on convenience sampling.
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