Effects of peroxide on the fluorescence of the Ca2+ probe Fluo 3 and the pH probe BCECF.
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Fluorescence probes are invaluable tools in monitoring intracellular ion concentrations. They have also been used for studying how reactive oxygen species alter these concentrations and yet there are no studies indicating how reactive oxygen species directly affect the characteristics of the probes. Our concern was that if reactive oxygen were to affect characteristics of these probes, these measurements would be inconsequential. Therefore, we examined the effects of peroxide on the Ca2+-sensitive dye Fluo 3 and the pH sensitive dye BCECF. Peroxide concentrations below 10 mM did not alter fluorescence or binding characteristics of either dye. Since the concentrations of peroxide used in most pathophysiological experiments are in the micromolar range, we conclude that these probes are appropriate for monitoring the effects of peroxide on intracellular ion concentrations.
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