Endothelium and smooth muscle of pig coronary artery: differences in metabolism. Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Here, we report that the smooth muscle and endothelium of the pig coronary artery differ in the profiles of energy metabolism nucleotides. ATP levels in the freshly isolated smooth muscle (1490 +/- 93, all the values are in pmol/mg protein) were significantly greater than in the endothelium (418 +/- 68). In contrast, endothelium contained higher levels of NADH (328 +/- 21), NAD+ (1210 -/+ 28), NADPH (87 +/- 2), and NADP+ (77 +/- 4) than smooth muscle (17 +/- 2, 96 +/- 14, 7 +/- 1, and 8 +/- 1, respectively). However, smooth muscle and endothelium do not differ from each other in the ratios of NADH/NAD+ or NADPH/NADP+. Cells cultured from smooth muscle and endothelium contained less ATP (93 +/- 2, 141 +/- 6) and had lower ratios of NADH/ NAD+ than the freshly isolated tissues but the NADPH/NADP+ ratios remained similar. We conclude that (a) freshly isolated smooth muscle and endothelium differ in their profiles of the energy metabolism nucleotides, and (b) culturing the cells alters the profile.

publication date

  • 2003