A novel plasma membrane Ca2+-pump inhibitor: caloxin 1A1
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The plasma membrane Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-ATPase is a Ca(2+)-pump that expels Ca2+ from cells. Here we report caloxin 1A1-a novel peptide inhibitor (Ki=100 microM) of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-pump-obtained by screening a cysteine bridge-constrained random peptide library for binding to the first extracellular domain of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-pump. Dithiothreitol removed the inhibition indicating that the constraint imposed by the cysteine bridge is required for the inhibition. Caloxin 1A1 also inhibited the fast twitch sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-ATPase although weakly. Glutathione dimers (containing a cysteine bridge) inhibited the Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-ATPase, but not that of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-pump. Caloxin 1A1 stabilised Ca(2+)-dependent formation of the acid stable 140-kDa acylphosphate which is a partial reaction of this enzyme. Thus caloxin 1A1 inhibits the plasma membrane Ca(2+)-pump by perturbing the first extracellular domain indicating that the transmembrane domains 1 and 2 play a role in its reaction cycle. This finding is consistent with rearrangements that occur in transmembrane helices 1 and 2 during reaction cycle of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-pump. Caloxin 1A1 caused an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in endothelial cells.
has subject area