Phase II trial of flavopiridol, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor, in untreated metastatic malignant melanoma Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: To test the activity of the cyclin dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor flavopiridol in malignant melanoma, a disease with frequent abnormalities of the cyclin dependent kinase system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients had histologically proven, unidimensionally measurable malignant melanoma, incurable by standard therapy. Prior adjuvant immunotherapy was allowed, but patients were otherwise untreated for advanced disease. Flavopiridol was administered at a dose of 50 mg/m(2) IV over 1 hour daily x 3 days every 3 weeks. Patients were assessed for response every 2 cycles. RESULTS: 17 patients were accrued over 5 months. No objective responses were documented in the 16 patients evaluable for response. Seven patients (44%) had stable disease after 2 cycles, with a median of 2.8 months (range 1.8-9.2). The most common treatment-related non-hematologic toxicities were diarrhea (82%), nausea (47%), fatigue (41%), anorexia (35%) and vomiting (29%). Most treatment-related toxicities were mild, except for diarrhea (grade 3 in 3 patients, grade 4 in 1 patient), nausea (grade 3 in 1 patient) and tumor pain (grade 3 in 1 patient). Hematologic toxicities were minimal, none worse than grade 2. Eighty-eight percent of patients received >/=90% planned dose intensity; 2 patients had dose reductions for gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Flavopiridol is well tolerated at the dose regimen used in this study, with an acceptable (primarily GI) toxicity profile. Although 7 of the 16 patients had stable disease ranging from 1.8 to 9.2 months in duration, there was no evidence of significant clinical activity in malignant melanoma by objective response criteria.

authors

  • Burdette-Radoux, Susan
  • Tozer, Richard
  • Lohmann, Reinhard C
  • Quirt, Ian
  • Ernst, D Scott
  • Walsh, Wendy
  • Wainman, Nancy
  • Colevas, A Dimitrios
  • Eisenhauer, Elizabeth A

publication date

  • August 2004