Factors influencing hydrogen ion concentration in muscle after intense exercise Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • To assess the importance of factors influencing the resolution of exercise-associated acidosis, measurements of acid-base variables were made in nine healthy subjects after 30 s of maximal exercise on an isokinetic cycle ergometer. Quadriceps muscle biopsies (n = 6) were taken at rest, immediately after exercise, and at 3.5 and 9.5 min of recovery; arterial and femoral venous blood were sampled (n = 3) over the same time. Intracellular and plasma inorganic strong ions were measured by neutron activation and ion-selective electrodes, respectively; lactate concentration ([La-]) was measured enzymatically, and plasma PCO2 and pH were measured by electrodes. Immediately after exercise, intracellular [La-] increased to 47 meq/l, almost fully accounting for a reduction in intracellular strong ion difference ([SID]) from 154 to 106 meq/l. At the same time, femoral venous PCO2 increased to 100 Torr and plasma [La-] to 9.7 meq/l; however, plasma [SID] did not change because of a concomitant increase in inorganic [SID] secondary to increases in [K+], [Na+], and [Ca2+]. During recovery, muscle [La-] fell to 26 meq/l by 9.5 min; [SID] remained low (101 and 114 meq/l at 3.5 and 9.5 min, respectively) due almost equally to the elevated [La-] (30 and 26 meq/l) and reductions in [K+] (from 142 meq/l at rest to 123 and 128 meq/l). Femoral venous PCO2 rose to 106 Torr at 0.5 min postexercise and fell to resting values at 9.5 min.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • November 1, 1988