- Analytical derivatizations enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of determinations for organic compounds. Classical techniques are often based on solution chemistry. Most modern sample preparation techniques, however, are based on solid-phase extractions. Solid-phase analytical derivatization bridges this gap and facilitates sample preparation by combining the isolation step with the derivatization. The solid-phase retains both reagents and derivatized analytes and often permits facile separation of excess reagent or selective elution of the desired products. The most recent solid-phase extraction techniques have been used in conjunction with analytical derivatization to automate the analysis. In this review, analytical derivatizations are presented as functional group analysis.