Cerebral hemorrhage after intra-arterial thrombolysis for ischemic stroke: The PROACT II trial Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency, clinical characteristics, and predictors of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after intraarterial (IA) thrombolysis with recombinant pro-urokinase (r-proUK) in acute ischemic stroke. METHOD: The authors conducted an exploratory analysis of symptomatic ICH from a randomized, controlled clinical trial of IA thrombolysis with r-proUK for patients with angiographically documented occlusion of the middle cerebral artery within 6 hours from stroke onset. Patients (n = 180) were randomized in a ratio of 2:1 to either 9 mg IA r-proUK over 120 minutes plus IV fixed-dose heparin or IV fixed-dose heparin alone. As opposed to intention to treat, this analysis was based on "treatment received" and includes 110 patients given r-proUK and 64 who did not receive any thrombolytic agent. The remaining six patients received out-of-protocol urokinase and were excluded from analysis. The authors analyzed centrally adjudicated ICH with associated neurologic deterioration (increase in NIH Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score of > or =4 points) within 36 hours of treatment initiation. RESULTS: Symptomatic ICH occurred in 12 of 110 patients (10.9%) treated with r-proUK and in two of 64 (3.1%) receiving heparin alone. ICH symptoms in r-proUK-treated patients occurred at a mean of 10.2 +/- 7.4 hours after the start of treatment. Mortality after symptomatic ICH was 83% (10/12 patients). Only blood glucose was significantly associated with symptomatic ICH in r-proUK-treated patients based on univariate analyses of 24 variables: patients with baseline glucose >200 mg/dL experienced a 36% risk of symptomatic ICH compared with 9% for those with < or =200 mg/dL (p = 0.022; relative risk, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.04 to 11.7). CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic ICH after IA thrombolysis with r-proUK for acute ischemic stroke occurs early after treatment and has high mortality. The risk of symptomatic ICH may be increased in patients with a blood glucose >200 mg/dL at stroke onset.

authors

  • Kase, CS
  • Furlan, AJ
  • Wechsler, LR
  • Higashida, RT
  • Rowley, HA
  • Hart, RG
  • Molinari, GF
  • Frederick, LS
  • Roberts, HC
  • Gebel, JM
  • Sila, CA
  • Schulz, GA
  • Roberts, Robin Sydney
  • Gent, Michael

publication date

  • November 13, 2001

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