A comparison of two procedures used for complexing Fe(III) with human apotransferrin: I. physicochemical properties of the Fe(III) transferrin products Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Samples of human Fe.transferrin (Fe.HTr) were prepared from a single batch of apotransferrin (apo.HTr) by either the Fe(III)-citrate or the Fe(II)-ceruloplasmin (ferroxidase) method. By using 55Fe, 55Fe.HTr prepared by the citrate method and 55Fe.HTr prepared by the ceruloplasmin method contained 2.2-2.3 and 2.0 Fe/mol, respectively. For both 55Fe.HTr preparations, the isotope was shown to be associated with the protein from the measurement of absorbance at 465 nm and dialysis studies. However, passage of the 55Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin) reaction mixture through DEAE-cellulose caused 55-60% of 55Fe to be lost from the protein, although no decrease in absorbance at 465 nm was observed. Ion-exchange chromatography of 55Fe.HTr (citrate) did not induce loss of 55Fe. Absorbance measurements showed significant differences between the two Fe.HTr preparations with respect to the ratios A212/A278 and A463/A278. Using an excitation wavelength of 275 nm, the fluorescence intensity ratios relative to apo.HTr were 0.275 and 0.309 for Fe.HTr (citrate) and Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin), respectively. Electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements confirmed that Fe.HTr (citrate) and Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin) were saturated with Fe. Hyperfine coupling constants and other features of the resonance profile revealed distinct differences between the two Fe.HTr preparations. Dialysis against H2O caused Fe.HTr (citrate), but not Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin), to lose absorbance at 465 nm. The ESR profile of Fe.HTr (citrate), after dialysis against H2O, was reduced to multiple splittings and a lack of resolution of the central hyperfine structure. Addition of Na2CO3 restored the absorbance (465 nm) and the ESR pattern of Fe.HTr (citrate). In contrast, these properties of Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin) were little affected by dialysis against H2O. However, the addition of trisodium citrate to Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin) caused a reduction in absorbance at 465 nm and a change in ESR profile to resemble that of Fe.HTr (citrate) after dialysis in H2O; these changes, caused by citrate binding to Fe.HTr (ceruloplasmin), were restored to normal by the addition of Na2CO3. The data indicate that different protein conformations result from complexing Fe(III) with apo.HTr by these two different procedures. The two Fe.HTr products may differ, conceivably, in their abilities to transfer Fe to cells.

publication date

  • September 1986