Type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor is not an acute phase reactant in rats. Lack of IL-6- and hepatocyte-dependent synthesis.
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The contributing role of hepatocytes and IL-6 in the acute phase-like elevation of plasma type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) in vivo is not known. We addressed this question by comparing the effects of two inflammatory stimuli known to increase plasma concentrations of IL-6 on the plasma concentrations and site of synthesis of PAI-1 and cysteine proteinase inhibitor (CPI) in rats. Subcutaneous injection of turpentine results in a sustained increase in plasma IL-6 and CPI Ag levels over a 24-h period. In contrast, plasma PAI-1 activity was not altered by turpentine treatment. Northern blot analysis of poly(A)+ mRNA extracted from freshly isolated hepatocytes of saline- or turpentine-treated animals demonstrated induction of CPI mRNA expression but failed to detect basal or induced PAI-1 or IL-6 mRNA expression. However, PAI-1 mRNA was detected in rat hepatocytes in primary culture for 24 h and was induced by dexamethasone. Intravenous infusion of bacterial LPS (4 mg/kg) induced a sustained increase in plasma CPI Ag and transient increases in plasma IL-6 and PAI-1. Northern blot analysis of freshly isolated, fractionated liver cells indicated that LPS treatment (3 h) induced PAI-1 mRNA expression most significantly in the endothelial and Kupffer cell fractions. IL-6 mRNA expression was induced in Kupffer cells and CPI mRNA was induced in hepatocytes. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed LPS-induced accumulation of PAI-1 Ag associated with the vascular endothelium, subendothelial matrix, and sinusoidal lining cells. Our results indicate that PAI-1 mRNA is not significantly expressed by rat hepatocytes in vivo and that plasma PAI-1 levels are not influenced by increased IL-6 expression in Kupffer cells or in plasma.
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