Antiallergic and antihistaminic effect of two extracts of Capparis spinosa L. flowering buds Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • AbstractThe antiallergic properties of two lyophilized extracts obtained from Capparis spinosa L. flowering buds (capers) by methanol extraction, carried out at room temperature (CAP‐C) or with heating at 60 °C (CAP‐H), were investigated.The protective effects of CAP‐H and CAP‐C, orally administered (14.28 mg[sol ]kg), were evaluated against Oleaceae antigen challenge‐induced and histamine‐induced bronchospasm in anaesthetized guinea‐pigs. Furthermore, the histamine skin prick test was performed on humans, applying a gel formulation containing 2% CAP‐C (the only extract able to protect against histamine‐induced bronchospasm) on the skin for 1 h before histamine application and monitoring the erythema by reflectance spectrophotometry.The CAP‐H showed a good protective effect against the bronchospasm induced by antigen challenge in sensitized guinea‐pigs; conversely, a significant decrease in the responsiveness to histamine was seen only in CAP‐C pretreated animals. Finally, the CAP‐C gel formulation possessed a marked inhibitory effect (46.07%) against histamine‐induced skin erythema.These two caper extracts displayed marked antiallergic effectiveness; however, the protective effect of CAP‐H was very likely due to an indirect mechanism (for example, inhibition of mediator release from mast cells or production of arachidonic acid metabolites); conversely, CAP‐C is endowed with direct antihistaminic properties. The different mechanisms of action of CAP‐H and CAP‐C may be related to a difference in the extraction procedure and, thus, in their qualitative[sol ]quantitative chemical profile. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • Trombetta, Domenico
  • Occhiuto, Francesco
  • Perri, Dan
  • Puglia, Carmelo
  • Santagati, Natale A
  • Pasquale, Anna De
  • Saija, Antonella
  • Bonina, Francesco

publication date

  • January 2005