Helicobacter pylori augments the pH-increasing effect of omeprazole in patients with duodenal ulcer
- Additional Document Info
- View All
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Omeprazole is less effective in healthy subjects than in patients with duodenal ulcers. The aim of this study was to determine whether Helicobacter pylori augments the pH-increasing effect of omeprazole in patients with duodenal ulcers. METHODS: In 16 patients with duodenal ulcers, baseline intragastric acidity was measured before and 4-6 weeks after the cure of H. pylori infection. In 17 patients with duodenal ulcers, 24-hour pH metry was performed during treatment with 20 mg omeprazole once daily before as well as after eradication of H. pylori. Intragastric acidity was measured using a glass electrode placed 5 cm below the cardia. H. pylori infection was assessed by [13C] urea breath test, culture, histology, and rapid urease test. RESULTS: H. pylori eradication resulted in marked decrease of the pH-increasing effect of omeprazole (24-hour median gastric pH, 5.5 vs. 3.0; P<0.002) that was most pronounced during nighttime (median gastric pH, 6.4 vs. 2.1; P=0.001). On the other hand, baseline intragastric pH remained unchanged after eradication (median gastric pH, 1.0 vs. 1.1; P=0.5). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with duodenal ulcers treated with omeprazole, intragastric pH depends significantly on the presence or absence of H. pylori, whereas baseline pH remained unchanged after H. pylori eradication.
has subject area