DNA damage in bipolar disorder Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Bipolar disorder (BD) is a prevalent, chronic, severe, and highly disabling psychiatric disorder that is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to general medical conditions. There is an emerging body of evidence correlating chronic medical conditions with DNA damage. The present study was designed to assess DNA damage in BD patients using the comet assay (CA). Thirty-two bipolar-I outpatients diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV were matched with 32 healthy volunteers. Manic and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Young Mania Rating Scale and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, respectively. Peripheral blood samples were collected and a standard protocol for CA preparation and analysis was performed. The present study showed that BD outpatients present an increased frequency of DNA damage relative to controls. The frequency of DNA damage correlated with the severity of symptoms of depression and mania.


  • Frey, Benicio
  • Andreazza, Ana Cristina
  • Noronha Frey, Benicio
  • Erdtmann, Bernardo
  • Salvador, Mirian
  • Rombaldi, Fernanda
  • Santin, Aida
  • Gonçalves, Carlos Alberto
  • Kapczinski, Flavio

publication date

  • September 2007