Power spectral analysis normal and pathological brainstem auditory evoked potentials
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The brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) recording has become a powerful investigational tool in neurological diagnosis. The BAEPs of patients have different latencies and morphologies when compared to those of normals. In this paper the power spectra (PS) of BAEPs of 21 normals, 17 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 12 patients with head injury (HI) computed by Blackman-Tukey (BT) and Maximum Entropy (ME) methods are examined for their frequency composition. Three major peaks appear at approximately 170 Hz, 520 Hz and 950 Hz in PS of normal BAEPs. The average power contained in the frequency bands spread around these frequency bands for BAEPs of patients differed significantly (P less than 0.05) from those of normal BAEPs. The peaks observed in ME spectra were found to match those computed using BT method. The model order for representing both normal and patient BAEPs is greater than 40 and data compression afforded by modelling the BAEPs is of the order of 5:1.
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