Changing Patterns of Helicobacter pylori Gastritis in Long‐Standing Acid Suppression Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Background. Helicobacter pylori colonization and associated inflammation are influenced by local acid output. Infected subjects with acid‐related diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are likely to have an antral‐predominant gastritis. We hypothesized that long‐term acid suppression would result in relatively greater bacterial colonization in the corpus leading to diffuse or corpus‐predominant gastritis and that this would be prevented by prior H. pylori eradication.Materials and Methods. To investigate this, we conducted a prospective, double‐blind trial of the effect on gastric histology of 12‐month maintenance treatment with omeprazole in H. pylori–positive GERD patients randomly assigned to either an eradication or omeprazole‐alone regime. A control group of 20 H. pylori–negative GERD patients also received omeprazole throughout the study period. Biopsies taken at baseline and at 12 months were graded “blind” by a single observer according to the updated Sydney System. The 41 H. pylori‐positive subjects with grade B or C esophagitis were randomly assigned (20 to omeprazole alone, 21 to eradication) and 33 subjects completed the 12‐month study.Results. There was a significant decline in antral chronic inflammation in initially positive patients between baseline and end in both the eradication group (p = .035) and the omeprazole‐alone group (p = .008). However, corpus chronic inflammation increased in the omeprazole‐alone group (p = .0156) but decreased in the eradication group. The change toward corpus predominance between baseline and end for the omeprazole‐alone group is highly significant (p = .0078). Furthermore, 5 of 11 in the omeprazole‐alone group developed mild corpus atrophy, compared to 0 of 8 who had undergone H. pylori eradication. The change in frequency of corpus atrophy between the two groups is significant (p = .02).Conclusion. In H. pylori–positive subjects with GERD, long‐term acid suppression leads to a shift from antral‐ to corpus‐predominant gastritis that can be prevented by prior eradication. The shift is accompanied by an increase in corpus atrophy. H. pylori infection should be eradicated prior to long‐term acid suppression with proton pump inhibitors.


  • Moayyedi, Paul
  • Wason, Catriona
  • Peacock, Robert
  • Walan, Anders
  • Bardhan, Karna
  • Axon, Anthony TR
  • Dixon, Michael F

publication date

  • December 2000

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