Effects of intranasal fluticasone and salmeterol on allergen-induced nasal responses
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BACKGROUND: Combination of inhaled steroid and long-acting beta-agonists has synergistic effects in asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether nasal corticosteroid and long-acting beta-agonists have synergistic effects on allergen-induced nasal responses. METHODS: The effects of intranasal treatment with fluticasone p-MDI (50 microg bid), salmeterol p-MDI (25 microg bid), their combination, and placebo, on nasal symptoms, eosinophil differential cell count and albumin in nasal lavage fluid (measures of inflammation and leakage respectively) and nasal electrical potential difference (measure of epithelial integrity) were studied in 11 atopic subjects with rhinitis, in a randomized, partially-blinded, 4-period, cross-over study. The measurements were made at baseline, at the end of 1 week of treatment, and immediately after a nasal allergen provocation. RESULTS: Allergen-induced sneeze, postnasal drip and nasal obstruction were significantly reduced by fluticasone, but not by salmeterol. Eosinophil count in postallergen nasal lavage fluid was significantly less after fluticasone (median 1.9%, IQR 4.6) and salmeterol treatment (median 2.5%, IQR 8.5) compared with placebo (median 12.5%, IQR 27.9). Compared with placebo, both fluticasone and salmeterol attenuated allergen-induced change in nasal potential (mean change from baseline -18.5, +0.4 and -7.2% respectively) and the increase in nasal albumin (median 154, 119 and 130 ng/ml respectively). Combination treatment did not have any additional benefits over the individual therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Although salmeterol has anti-inflammatory properties, intranasal salmeterol or its combination with fluticasone do not offer any added benefit over intranasal fluticasone alone for allergen-induced nasal responses.
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