Psychological Dysfunction Is Associated With Symptom Severity but Not Disease Etiology or Degree of Gastric Retention in Patients With Gastroparesis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVES: Gastroparesis patients may have associated psychological distress. This study aimed to measure depression and anxiety in gastroparesis in relation to disease severity, etiology, and gastric retention. METHODS: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) scores for state (Y1) and trait (Y2) anxiety were obtained from 299 gastroparesis patients from 6 centers of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium. Severity was investigator graded as grades 1, 2, or 3 and patient reported by Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) scores. Antiemetic/prokinetic medication use, anxiolytic and antidepressant medication use, supplemental feedings, and hospitalizations were recorded. BDI, Y1, and Y2 scores were compared in diabetic vs. idiopathic etiologies and mild (≤20%) vs. moderate (>20-35%) vs. severe (>35-50%) vs. very severe (>50%) gastric retention at 4 h. RESULTS: BDI, Y1, and Y2 scores were greater with increasing degrees of investigator-rated gastroparesis severity (P<0.05). BDI, Y1, and Y2 scores were higher for GCSI >3.1 vs. ≤3.1 (P<0.05). Antiemetic and prokinetic use and ≥6 hospitalizations/year were more common with BDI ≥20 vs. <20 (P<0.05). Anxiolytic use was more common with Y1≥46; antidepressant use and ≥6 hospitalizations/year were more common with Y2≥44 (P<0.05). BDI, Y1, and Y2 scores were not different in diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis and did not relate to degree of gastric retention. On logistic regression, GCSI >3.1 was associated with BDI ≥20 and Y1≥46; antiemetic/prokinetic use was associated with BDI≥20; anxiolytic use was associated with Y1≥46; and antidepressant use was associated with Y2≥44. CONCLUSIONS: Higher depression and anxiety scores are associated with gastroparesis severity on investigator- and patient-reported assessments. Psychological dysfunction does not vary by etiology or degree of gastric retention. Psychological features should be considered in managing gastroparesis.


  • Lee, Linda
  • Hasler, William L
  • Parkman, Henry P
  • Wilson, Laura A
  • Pasricha, Pankaj J
  • Koch, Kenneth L
  • Abell, Thomas L
  • Snape, William J
  • Farrugia, Gianrico
  • Lee, Linda
  • Tonascia, James
  • Unalp-Arida, Aynur
  • Hamilton, Frank

publication date

  • November 2010