Is Hyperventilation-Induced Nystagmus More Common in Retrocochlear Vestibular Disease than in End-Organ Vestibular Disease?
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Hyperventilation-induced nystagmus (HVIN) has previously been shown by the senior author to be common in patients with both acoustic neuromas and following resection. The recurrent study's aim was to examine if HVIN was specific for retrocochlear pathology. To test this, the incidence of HVIN in 24 patients with confirmed acoustic neuroma was compared with its incidence in 38 patients with end-organ vestibular disease (defined as a greater than 25% reduction in caloric testing). Hyperventilation was carried out for 90 seconds. The results showed that 58% of the acoustic neuroma group were positive for HVIN versus 18% of the end-organ group. This difference was very significant on chi-square testing (p < .002). Hyperventilation-induced nystagmus appears to be much more prevalent in retrocochlear pathology than in end-organ pathology.
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