Shampoo after craniotomy: a pilot study.
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OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to assess the effect of postoperative hair-washing on incision infection and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in craniotomy patients. The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the effect of postoperative hair-washing on incision infection and HRQOL, 2) provide evidence to support postoperative patient hygienic care, and 3) develop neurosurgical nursing research capacity RESEARCH QUESTION: Does hair-washing 72 hours after craniotomy and before suture or clip removal influence postoperative incision infection and postoperative HRQOL? METHODS: A prospective cohort of 100 adult patients was randomized to hair-washing 72-hours postoperatively (n = 48), or no hair washing until suture or clip removal (n = 52). At five to -10 days postoperatively, sutures or clips were removed, incisions were assessed using the ASEPSIS Scale (n = 85) and participants were administered the SF-12 Health Survey (n = 71). At 30 days postoperatively, incisions (n = 70) were reassessed. RESULTS: No differences were found between hair-washing and no hair-washing groups for ASEPSIS scores at five to 10 days and 30 days, and total SF-12 scores at five to 10 days postoperatively (p > or = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative hair-washing resulted in no increase in incision infection scores or decrease in HRQOL scores when compared to no hair-washing in patients experiencing craniotomy.
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