- The results of a multicenter phase II study investigating carboplatin and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in patients with recurrent/metastatic uterine and cervical malignancies (UCM) are presented here. Fifty-three subjects with measurable, untreated, advanced UCM were enrolled. Fifty-one were evaluable for response. Prior combined-modality treatment was permitted if a component of primary therapy. Patients received carboplatin AUC = 5 with PLD 35 mg/m(2) intravenously once every 4 weeks. Overall response rate was 33% (35% stable disease). Overall survival (OS) at six months was 86% (95% CI 76%-96%). Six-month progression-free survival (PFS) was 43% (95% CI 30%-57%). Median PFS was 22.9 weeks (range 16.0-35.3) and median OS was 49.1 weeks (range 41.4-75.1). The most frequent grade 3-4 nonhematological adverse events were: abdominal pain (n = 7), fatigue (4), vomiting (4), nausea (3), and shortness of breath (3). There was 1 report of grade 3 hand-foot syndrome and none of grade 4. Twelve patients had first infusion reactions with only 1 discontinuing treatment. Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in 26/230 cycles (11.3%). There were no treatment-related deaths. The combination of carboplatin and PLD is well tolerated with sufficient activity to justify additional evaluation in clinical trials and might be suited to the addition of a taxane.