Platelet specific alloantigens on the platelet glycoprotein Ia/IIa complex
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The majority of platelet alloantigens are located on platelet glycoproteins IIb/IIIa. This report describes a codominant allelic system carried on the glycoprotein Ia/IIa complex, which we originally designated as Zava/Zavb but which is identical to the Bra/Brb system. Furthermore Zava was found to be identical to Hca. The alloantigens could not be detected using a direct binding enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with intact platelets, but were readily detected using a glycoprotein capture EIA and by radioimmunoprecipitation techniques. The two index cases (designated as homozygous Zava and Zavb) had alloantibodies against the corresponding antigen and did not react with their own platelets. Using these alloantibodies and a monoclonal antibody that reacts with the platelet glycoprotein Ia/IIa complex (12F1), we demonstrated that all Ia/IIa molecules carry either Zava or Zavb and we found that Zava and Zavb are on discrete populations of Ia/IIa. Following immunodepletion using either anti-Zava or anti-Zavb, all detectable Ia/IIa complexes from the respective homozygous platelets were removed. Immunodepletion of heterozygous Zava/Zavb with either anti-Zava or anti-Zavb did not reduce the amount of Ia/IIa complexes precipitable using the alternate alloantiserum. Population studies (n = 50) indicated the phenotypic frequency of Zava/Zava is less than 1%; Zava/Zavb is 18% and Zavb/Zavb is 82%. Four different alloantisera that had either anti-Zava or anti-Zavb reactivity also carried reactivity against the Baka or Bakb antigens which may suggest an association in the immune response to these alleles.
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