Intra-articular IL-10 gene transfer regulates the expression of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in the knee and ipsilateral paw
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We studied the effects of local IL-10 application, introduced by a recombinant human type 5 adenovirus vector, in the mouse knee joint during the early phase of CIA. One intra-articular injection with the IL-10-expressing virus (Ad5E1mIL-10) caused substantial over-expression of IL-10 in the mouse knee joint, using virus dosages which did not induce distracting inflammation. High expression of IL-10 was noted for a few days, being maximal at day 1. One intra-articular injection of Ad5E1mIL-10 in the knee joints of collagen type II (CII)-immunized mice, before onset of CIA was noted, reduced the incidence of collagen arthritis in that knee. Of high interest, the protective effect of local IL-10 expression by Ad5E1mIL-10 was not restricted to the knee joint alone. The arthritis incidence in the ipsilateral paw was highly suppressed. In contrast, local IL-10 over-expression was not effective when treatment was started after onset of CIA. Further analysis in the acute streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis model revealed that local IL-10 over-expression markedly suppressed the production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-1alpha, but had no significant effect on IL-1beta and IL-12 production in the inflamed synovium. These data indicate that local over-expression of IL-10 in the knee joint of mice regulates the expression of collagen arthritis, probably through down-regulation of TNF-alpha.
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