An open-label randomized controlled trial of low molecular weight heparin for the prevention of central venous line-related thrombotic complications in children: the PROTEKT trial Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • OBJECTIVE(S): Central venous lines (CVLs) are major risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children. The objective of PROTEKT was to determine if a low molecular weight heparin (reviparin-sodium) safely prevents CVL-related VTE. STUDY DESIGN: This multi-center, open-label study, with blinded central outcome adjudication, randomized patients with new CVLs to twice-daily reviparin-sodium or standard care. The efficacy outcome was based on an exit venogram at Day 30 (+14 days), or earlier in case of CVL removal, or confirmed symptomatic VTE. The safety outcomes were major bleeding and death. Due to slow and restricted patient accrual, PROTEKT was closed prematurely. RESULTS: With reviparin-sodium, 14.1% (11:78) of patients had VTE compared to 12.5% (10:80) of control patients (odds ratio=1.15; 95% confidence interval 0.42, 3.23); 2P=0.82). One patient had a major bleed and there were two deaths, all three events occurring in the standard care group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of reviparin-sodium for short-term prophylaxis of CVL-related VTE in children was safe but its efficacy remains unclear. Although underpowered, PROTEKT provided valuable information on event rates and predictors of CVL-related VTE.

publication date

  • January 2003