Impact of baseline prognostic factors on progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS6) and response in patients receiving second-line therapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). Conference Paper uri icon

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abstract

  • 301 Background: PFS6 was identified to be a robust intermediate endpoint in the setting of second-line therapy for advanced UC (Sonpavde, ESMO Congress, 2012) We studied the impact of second-line prognostic factors (Sonpavde, ESMO Congress 2012) (liver metastasis [LM], anemia [Hb<10 g/dl], ECOG-performance status [PS] ≥1, time from prior chemotherapy [TFPC]) on PFS6 and response rate (RR) to enable comparison of outcomes across phase II trials. Methods: Twelve phase II trials evaluating second-line chemotherapy and/or biologics (n=748) in patients with progressive disease were pooled. PFS was defined as tumor progression or death from any cause. PFS6 was defined from the date of registration and calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Data regarding progression, Hb, LM, PS and TFPC were available in 570 patients, who were considered evaluable. The mean age was 65.1 years, 45.3% had ECOG-PS ≥1, 30.2% had LM, 14.6% had anemia and TFPC was <6 months (mo) in 60.2%. The overall median PFS was 2.7 mo, PFS6 was 22.2% (95% CI: 18.8-25.9) and RR was 17.5% (95% CI: 14.5%-20.9%). PFS6 and RR varied significantly according to risk group (Table). For every unit increase in risk group, the hazard of progression in 6 mo increased by 41% and the odds of response decreased by 48%. Conclusions: PFS6 and RR vary as a function of prognostic factors in patients receiving second-line therapy for advanced UC. These data facilitate comparison of outcomes across phase II trials enrolling heterogeneous populations. [Table: see text]

authors

  • Pond, Gregory
  • Agarwal, Neeraj
  • Bellmunt, Joaquim
  • Choueiri, Toni K
  • Qu, Angela Q
  • Fougeray, Ronan
  • Niegisch, Guenter
  • Galsky, Matt D
  • Wong, Yu-Ning
  • Stadler, Walter Michael
  • Sridhar, Srikala S
  • Sternberg, Cora N
  • Sonpavde, Guru

publication date

  • February 20, 2013